This is a joint post from Nomadic Labs, Marigold, TriliTech, Oxhead Alpha, Tarides, DaiLambda & Functori.
We’re happy to announce that Mumbai, our next Tezos protocol proposal,
is ready. As usual, Mumbai’s ‘true’ name is its hash, which is
The main features of this protocol upgrade proposal are:
Smart rollups are activated: Smart rollups are fully operational on Mainnet offering a powerful scaling solution. Anyone can deploy decentralized WebAssembly applications with dedicated computational and networking resources.
Epoxy makes its first appearance: Validity Rollups (aka ZK-rollups) arrive on the Mondaynet testnet. Epoxy allows for instant finality due to SNARK’s proof-of-validity.
Block time reduced to 15 seconds: With improved pipelining fully deployed, block propagation times are significantly reduced – this allows for the minimal block time to be cut in half to 15 seconds!
RPCs for ticket balances: Two new RPC endpoints were added to improve the visibility of ticket ownership. /all_ticket_balances returns a complete list of tickets owned by a given contract. And /ticket_balance returns the given-contract’s balance of the ticket with specified ticketer, content type, and content.
New Michelson operations: Michelson opcodes AND, OR,
LSRwere extended to support logical operations on bytes, similar to those on nat. And an opcode was added to convert between bytes and nat.
To learn more about Mumbai’s contents, see our full preview post.
In addition to these exciting new features and steady progress, the Mumbai proposal disables Transaction Optimistic Rollups (TORUs) on
Mainnet. TORUs were the first optimistic rollup implementation on
Mainnet enabled with Jakarta mid 2022, and the first step of the scalability roadmap presented last March.
Transaction rollups were always intended to be an temporary solution, as clearly indicated by the sunset they were released with. Now that smart rollups are reaching Tezos
Mainnet, it makes little sense to keep transaction rollups enabled, as this functionality can easily be implemented through Smart Rollups. It is important to understand that, if Mumbai is voted in by the community, the transaction rollup subsystem will be completely disabled as soon as the protocol becomes activate on
Mainnet. This means tickets deposited on transaction rollups will be lost forever, and operators will not be able to reclaim their ꜩ 10,000 bond. Currently, no transaction rollups have been originated on
Note that, if Mumbai is voted in by the community, upgrading to Octez
v16.0 (or later) will be necessary for participating in consensus. A release candidate for Octez
v16.0 will be published in the coming days, and a dedicated protocol test network
Mumbainet is also scheduled to begin soon. More information about the test network will be available on https://teztnets.xyz/.
First, Smart Rollups will be active on
Mumbainet soon. Functioning rollups implemented in Rust are currently running on
Mondaynet. We highly encourage ecosystem participants to experiment and build with these rollups. In roughly 2 months they are expected to activate on
Mainnet, assuming Mumbai is voted in. Smart Rollups are instrumental in our efforts to reach 1 millon TPS.
Second, Epoxy - Tezos’ validity rollup (aka ZK-rollup) solution makes its way onto
Mondaynet. It’s not, however, part of the Mumbai protocol upgrade, as more time needs to be spent on validation, testing, and integration with ecosystem tools before they can be activated on Mainnet. We ask ecosystem participants to start experimenting with Epoxy on
Broad testing and feedback from the ecosystem is invaluable in our efforts to minimize the risk of undetected issues upon
Anyone interested in getting started with building a smart rollup node can reach out to